Summary

This collection consists of 7 sets of activities, each having 2-3 Data Explorations, to overall include all 5 Learning Cycle phases. The collection was developed to assist with students understanding of various concepts covered in Chapter 13. Biological Productivity and Energy Transfer of The Essentials of Oceanography (12th Ed) including: Measurement of Primary Productivity, Productivity in Middle Latitude (Temperate) Oceans, Productivity in Polar (High Latitude) Oceans, and Comparing Regional Productivity. Use of an interactive concept-mapping tool is also included in the collection to assist with students accessing their prior knowledge before beginning the Chapter (Invitation, link to corresponding text) and/or thinking about/demonstrating what understanding about primary production they have gained through the Chapter (Reflection, link to corresponding text).

Learning Goals

After engaging with the Data Exploration(s) a student will be able to:

Context for Use

These Data Explorations are appropriate to use in an Introduction to Oceanography course that is learning about primary production. The ability to interpret and use data is integral to oceanography.

Teaching Notes

The Data Explorations require access to an internet-ready computer or tablet.

Note, the Data Explorations use authentic raw data. There is no downsampling of any data, thus the amount of data over time varies within the interactive based on the original data and similarly some data is missing.

There are 7 different activities to choose from within this collection:

Primary Production in General

Through using an online concept-mapping tool students can:

Primary Production Variables

Students are able to explore Chlorophyll-a Concentrations, Colored Dissolved Organic Matter, Optical Backscatter, and Total Scattering Coefficient of Pure Seawater as different variables that are collected from the 3-wavelength fluorometer to investigate primary production. The data are from the Northern Pacific Ocean (Coastal Endurance Array) from April 5, 2015 to August 7, 2016. The students can:

Chlorophyll Across a Year

Students explore Chlorophyll-a Concentrations collected from the 3-wavelength fluorometer to investigate patterns in primary production over a year. The data are from the Temperate Pacific Ocean (Coastal Endurance Array) from May 31, 2015 to May 31, 2016. The students can:

Chlorophyll Across the Globe

Students explore Chlorophyll-a Concentrations collected from the 3-wavelength fluorometer to investigate patterns in primary production from different areas around the Earth during the Fall. The data are from six OOI stations: northern near polar Pacific Ocean (Station Papa Array); northern temperate Pacific Ocean (Coastal Endurance Array); southern near polar Pacific Ocean (Southern Ocean Array); northern near polar Atlantic Ocean (Irminger Sea Array); northern temperate Atlantic Ocean (Coastal Pioneer Array); southern near polar Atlantic Ocean (Argentine Basin Array). The students can:

Chlorophyll-a in Temperate Zones of the Ocean

Students explore Chlorophyll-a Concentrations collected from the 3-wavelength fluorometer to investigate patterns in primary production from different sites in the Temperate Zones of the Ocean. The data are from OOI sites in temperate latitudes from the Pacific Ocean (Coastal Endurance Array) and Atlantic Ocean (Coastal Pioneer Array; Argentine Basin Array). The data are from March 17, 2015 to February 29, 2016, though not all sites have data from this full time span. The students can:

Chlorophyll-a Near Polar Zones of the Ocean

Students explore Chlorophyll-a Concentrations collected from the 3-wavelength fluorometer to investigate patterns in primary production from different sites near the Polar Zones of the Ocean. The data are from OOI sites near or just at polar latitudes from the Pacific Ocean (Station Papa Array; Southern Ocean Array) and Atlantic Ocean (Irminger Sea Array). The data are from February 25, 2015 to January 1, 2016, though not all sites have data from this full time span. The students can:

Chlorophyll-a Inshore vs. Offshore

Students explore Chlorophyll-a Concentrations collected from the 3-wavelength fluorometer to investigate patterns in primary production among inshore (~6 km from shore, in 29m of water OR 95km from shore, in 92m of water) and offshore (~29km from shore, in 87m of water OR 177km from shore, in 133m of water) locations. Note, due to the differences in geology and ocean currents in the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans it may be important to talk with your students about the differences in location from shore and at water depths. The data are from OOI sites in temperate latitudes from the Pacific Ocean (Coastal Endurance Array) and Atlantic Ocean (Coastal Pioneer Array). The data are from April 30, 2015 to May 30, 2016, though not all sites have data from this full time span. The students can:

Subject / Topics

Introduction to Oceanography / Primary Production

Grade Level

Undergraduate

Quantitative Skills

Number Sense, Probability and Statistics, Reasoning, Using Technology

For more information, on using quantitative skills in higher ed, see:

Using the American Mathematical Association of Two Year Colleges, in their document Crossroads in Mathematics: Standards for introductory college mathematics before calculus. (more info) intellectual skills and content skills. Content Standards: Number Sense, Symbolism and Algebra, Geometry, Function, Discrete Mathematics, Probability and Statistics, Deductive Proof. Intellectual Development standards: Problem solving, Modeling, Reasoning, Connecting with Other Disciplines, Communicating, Using Technology, Developing Mathematical Power